A great luminous cross appeared in the heavens over Golgotha

cross golgotha

A great sign appeared during the first year of Bishop Cyril's episcopate in Jerusalem, in the year 351, at nine o'clock in the morning of May 7.  This was in the era of the "Arian heresy", in which the relationship of Christ to God the Father had been placed in question.  In a letter to the Roman Emperor Constantine (Flavius Julius Constantius) (31761), Bishop Cyril wrote;
"on the nones of May, about the third hour, a great luminous cross appeared in the heavens, just over Golgotha, reaching as far as the holy mount of Olivet (almost two miles in length,), seen, not by one or two persons, but clearly and evidently by the whole city.  This was not, as might be thought, a fancy-bred and transient appearance: but it continued several hours together, visible to our eyes and brighter than the sun.  The whole city, penetrated alike with awe and with joy at this portent, ran immediately to the church, all with one voice giving praise to our Lord Jesus Christ, the only Son of God."  Cyril continued; "Everyone saw that the pious Christian faith consisted not in the disputable words of human wisdom." 

He concludes his letter with wishes that the emperor may always glorify the holy and consubstantial Trinity. Philostorgius and the Alexandrian chronicle affirm, that this cross of light was encircled with a large rainbow."

Thus Cyril gave an account of it to the emperor, and the faithful regarded it as a presage of victory over the Arian heretics.  Church historians Socrates, Sozomen, Theophanes, Eutychius, John of Nice, and Glycas also wrote of this apparition.  Bishop Cyril was born at/near Jerusalem in 315 A.D.
Philostorgius writes:

CHAP. 26.-- It appeared at Jerusalem about the third hour of the day which is called the day of Pentecost. This sign, which was portrayed by no human hand, was seen to stretch from the Mount of Calvary even to the Mount of Olives, and was accompanied by a large iris, like a crown, which surrounded it on all sides. The iris, indeed, signified the mercy of Jesus Christ crucified and taken up into heaven, and the crown denoted the victory of the emperor. Moreover, that splendid and venerable sign did not escape the notice even of the soldiers. But though it was clearly seen by both armies, it frightened above all measure Magnentius and his partisans, who were addicted to superstitious practices ; while, on the other hand, it inspired Constantius and his army with invincible bravery. Magnentius, however, having suffered this defeat from Constantius, afterwards recovered his strength by degrees, and, engaging with him in a second battle, was entirely defeated, and fled away to Lyons with the loss of nearly all his army.

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